Frequently Asked Questions

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General (FAQ)

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1. Are All Corvalent Boards FCC And CE Approved?

All Corvalent products are designed to comply with the CE and FCC-A specifications. Several of them are certified and the certification or reports are available upon request.

2. I Have A Fast UDMA5 Hard Drive, But The BIOS Only Recognizes PIO4 Or UDMA2. What Is Wrong?

For you to take advantage of UDMA5, make sure to use an 80-conductor IDE cable. The standard 40-conductor cable is not able to support UDMA5.

3. I’m Not Able To Use The USB Ports On My Raptor ATX (RBXAX). What Is Wrong?

The BIOS default for the USB ports on the Raptor ATX (RBXAX) and Raptor AT (RBXAT) is DISABLED. Please enable them in the CMOS settings.

4. Some Of Corvalent’s Boards Have Multi-Serial Options. Are They Full Hand-Shake?

Yes, all of the serial ports on Corvalent boards are full hand-shake. Some boards with more than 4 serial ports will have limited hand-shake on COM5 and COM6.

5. My SATA Controller Is Not Running At 150MBs

You may be running in Emulating Parallel ATA mode and using Windows Parallel ATA drivers (atapi.sys). Ideally you should select Native Mode.

6. I Can’t Install My F6 SATA Drivers Because I Don’t Have A Floppy Drive.

If there is no floppy drive in the system and you are installing Windows XP, use a USB drive. Not all USB floppy drives will work if they are not listed in TXSETUP.SIF. The following drives are supported:

Plug and Play ID USB floppy disk drive model
USB\VID_03EE&PID_6901 Mitsumi
USB\VID_057B&PID_0000 Y-E Data; Sony part number 09K9835
USB\VID_0644&PID_0000 TEAC; IBM option part number 27L4226, FRU 05K9283
7. What Are The Numbers That Show On The 2 Seven Segment Displays On The Board?

When the BIOS runs through its initialization, it will show the number of the test being performed on the seven segment display, commonly called POST display.

8. How Do I Interpret The POST Diagnostic Codes On My Motherboard?

Most recent Corvalent motherboards use custom AMI BIOS. We have a PDF document that may be referenced here, that describes the various codes and booting beep patterns for diagnostic purposes.

9. Do I Need To Update My BIOS To Always Have The Latest BIOS Revision For My Motherboard?

Not really. New BIOS revisions are created to correct or improve compatibility for certain devices or configurations. If your system is working without any problem, then updating should not be necessary.

10. How Do I Perform A FLASH BIOS Procedure?

Different BIOS versions will require different reflashing methods and software. Download the appropriate BIOS file and follow the instructions. Note: some BIOS changes can’t be FLASHED if the revision changes are major, and a BIOS chip replacement may be necessary. Contact us for your specific requirements.

11. Why Doesn’t The PS/2 Mouse Port Work?

During hookup make sure that you are installing your PS/2 mouse with your system powered off, otherwise you could permanently damage the motherboard.

12. How To Identify a Corvalent Motherboard?

All of our products have a PID label that includes motherboard part number, serial number and date code.

Example: FI-P45MX-01/6 0701-33066
Featured Item = FI Motherboard
Part# = P45MX
Configuration Type = 01
Motherboard Revision = /6
Serial Number = 0701-33066. The 0701 indicate the datecode of the board

It is very important to have this information in hand while asking for technical support.

13. When I Power Up My Motherboard, I Get No Display, No Beep And No Post Codes Changes. What Happened?

This condition may imply that the CPU is not able to run any instruction. Please check for a bad CPU, improper inserting of CPU at the socket, wrong jumper settings around the CPU type and voltage or even the DC power cables from the power supply to the motherboard. For all the P4 motherboards, make sure to have the proper ATX12V power supply and to connect the additional 12V power supply connector.

14. I Have 128 MB Of Memory Installed; Yet MS-DOS Only Reports 64 MB. What Is Wrong?

16-bit Operating Systems such as MS-DOS cannot access greater than 64 MB of memory. 32-bit Operating Systems will report the correct memory installed above the MS-DOS 64 MB memory barrier.

15. How Can I Ensure That I Have The Best Setting In My BIOS?

The BIOS optimal default settings are constantly reviewed for performance and compatibility.

16. Can I Mix Different Brands, Speeds And Types Of Memory On My Motherboards?

Mixing memory may introduce timing and other electrical issues that can affect system performance and reliability. Check with your board’s manual for correct memory types.

17. I Can Only See The Video/Graphics Card BIOS Banner Display And Nothing Else.

You may have swapped your PS/2 keyboard and PS/2 mouse.

18. When I Power Up My Motherboard It Displays The Message “NO ROM BIOS”. What Is Wrong With My Motherboard?

When this message is displayed it means that your boot sequence is set for First Device HDD, and your HDD is not formatted. You can fix this problem by formatting your HDD or changing your boot sequence to a bootable device.

19. Where Can I Find The Boards Serial Number?

The serial number can be found on a 2-inch white label that contains the part number and serial number.

20. Can I Use A PCIE X1 Card In The PCIE X4 Slot?

Yes you can. The x4 PCIE slot is backwards compatible with PCIE x1 cards.

21. What BIOS Is Used On Corvalent Motherboards?

The current BIOS used is AMI UEFI. Previous motherboards may support Legacy AMIBIOS core8 or even Core6.31. A small amount of small form-factor boards support PHOENIX/AWARD BIOS.

22. Can I Use ECC Memory On The P4EAX And P4GAX Boards?

No. These boards support only unbuffered non-ECC DDR memories. Using ECC DIMMs may damage the board due to higher power requirements.

23. What Add-In AGP Cards Can Be Used On The P4EAX And P4GAX?

These boards support universal AGP cards that comply with the AGP 2.0 spec. You can use a1X, 2X and 4X 1.5V cards. 3.3V VGA cards are NOT supported.

24. What Type Of Battery Is Used On Corvalent’s Motherboards?

Our boards use a standard CR2032 3 volt coin cell battery to supply power to the Real Time Clock (RTC) and CMOS settings when power is not available from the power supply.

25. What Is AC’97 And What Does It Do?

The AC’97 (Audio Codec 1997) specification defines a high-quality audio architecture that advances the migration to digital audio, while maintaining support for analog interconnects for backward compatibility.

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CAT-APM IoT Software (FAQ)

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1. What is CAT-APM?

CAT-APM stands for Connected Assets Technologies-Asset Performance Monitoring. CAT-APM is an enterprise application software accessible using a web browser that implements advanced Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) automated monitoring of any kind of asset.  Industrial machinery, oil and gas production wells, wind energy production systems, fleet management, mobile asset management, and dozens of other types of assets can be monitored.  When sensors report values exceeding thresholds, an alert can be triggered and notifications sent out.  A Service Ticketing System is included in CAT-APM for assets that need repairing or servicing, and a predictive and preventive maintenance program can be set up using CAT-APM.

2. What are the benefits of using CAT-APM?

Over 90% of industrial applications can benefit from setting good metrics (sometimes called “Key Performance Indicators”), monitoring assets remotely, analyzing the data automatically, and then notifying and alerting operators if something exceeds thresholds, or has created a condition where one or more metrics trigger an alert. We end up saving you thousands of dollars every year, if not millions.

“IoTizing” your product, process, and/or service will also save you millions of dollars in the long-run and can improve safety, quality, output, and other key values.  You will be able to see immediate results. It can also open up new revenue streams for your business.  In other words, “we help you save money, make money, and stay out of trouble.”

CAT-APM opens up new potential revenue sources for your company, too.

3. Why should I choose CAT-APM over other IIoT platforms and applications?

CAT-APM is built on one of the leading industrial internet of things platforms which is being used today in dozens of IIoT applications, including train and rail safety management, building automation, and dozens of others.  This is battle-tested software.

Secondly, we marry this world-class software with our proven Edge and Gateway industrial computers.  Corvalent has been in business 27 years making these industrial computers, designed and assembled in the USA, that are built for consistency, longevity, and reliability.  We can work with your existing sensors, or we pair the hardware and software with fit-for-purpose, industrially-certified sensors from quality American sensor manufacturers.

Third, we customize the hardware and the software for your business.  Because our software is built on a proven platform and because of our industry knowledge, we can generally deliver working software much more quickly than anyone else, customized for your company’s workflows.

Fourth, if you already have IIoT software, or sensors, our technologies will work with what you have already.  Just like a physician, we don’t prescribe the same thing to everyone and we tailor the solution for your needs.

4. We don’t want to spend a lot of money on very expensive software. How can we get started and prove the value?

Large companies with extremely sophisticated monitoring and control software charge a small fortune for their software!

Our approach is to provide what you need to not only get started, but see meaningful results in a short amount of time without making a huge investment.  As we’ve seen in the IIoT space, even large companies with big reputations fail at getting this software right, often cancelling their product offerings when they don’t make their profit numbers for a few quarters. That is not the Corvalent way.  We even have pricing options that provide “pay as you go” OPEX type expensing if that is what you need.

5. We already have database software – can we use what we have?

Yes.  Our software supports a huge number of database management systems, including Oracle, MySQL, SQL Server, SQLLite, and no-SQL products such as MongoDB and Cassandra.  We’re very “database agnostic.”

6. Some of our assets are indoors, some are outdoors in very remote locations. How can we get data back to CAT-APM?

Just as we are “database agnostic” we are also extremely flexible regarding communication technologies. Wi-Fi, Cellular (5G, 4G, 3G, 2G), LoRA, NB-IoT, Zigbee, RS-485. RS-422, 4-20ma Current Loop, even Satellite is supported.  Our professional site survey team knows how to pick the right technologies for the right situation in the most cost-effective and technically sound manner.  We can interface with any sensor that outputs its data rather than just displaying it on a dial.

7. Can Corvalent provide me with a entire hardware (Server, Edge, Gateway, Sensors) and software solution, so I don’t have to research, design and qualify a total solution?

Yes, Corvalent has its own line of CorSense™ brand sensors, including sensors for 4-2mA input monitoring, voltage, power, Spatial Sensors (gyroscopes, Hall Effect, Magnetometer, Position, Proximity), a complete set of Environmental Sensors (air quality, barometers, color, gas, humidity, light, temperature, thermocouples, water moisture), and a large number of Interactive Sensors (activity, asset tracking and monitoring, impact detection, vibration, gesture, accelerometer, pressure, RFID readers, and so on).  We can also adapt our software to your sensors if you already have them.

Our incredible CorEdge™ Edge Computers are available in either Intel x86/x64 or Arm variants and are completely customizable, in many different sizes with a wide range of capabilities.  We also have simple Gateways if that is all you need or want.

Of course, our CAT-APMSoftware, just as with our hardware, can be customized to your needs, your desired interfaces and gauges, and your workflows.

8. Where does CAT-APM “live”?

CAT-APM is one of only a very few IIoT enterprise software systems that can run on the Edge, on an on-premises server, and/or in your Cloud of choice (such as Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google, your own Cloud, or on ours).  The entire software stack fits on either our Intel-based CorEdge computers (Atom, Celeron, i3, i5, i7, i9) or our ARM-based small form factor or 1U rack mount computers.

Because of this, we have configurations that are inherently fault-tolerant.  We know that sensors in remote, industrial, or otherwise hazardous locations sometimes drop off the Internet.  If this happens, CorEdge keeps processing, collecting data, analyzing it, and taking action if necessary.  When the Internet or comes back online, CAT-APM automatically synchronizes with the back-end server or servers without any user intervention.  Your data is always safe, your assets are always monitored.  We can also provide redundant data paths.

CAT-APM is enterprise level monitoring and notification software that can run using an on-premises server, in the Cloud, and/or on the Edge.

9. What about security?

Unlike many other systems, security is built into CAT-APM from the ground up.  Data is encrypted using the SHA-256 encryption standard, and the CorEdge computers can come equipped with the most advanced endpoint protection in the business, from the security experts at Help/Systems.  In fact, if you desire, we can offer even more advanced security systems and techniques including active threat detection and mitigation.  We believe that just as with Information Technology, Operational Technology must be secure.  We are committed to protecting your data and your computers.

10. How do I explore this?

All it takes to get started is to send us an email or call us to set up a no-obligation, completely confidential appointment.  Our customers such as Medtronic, NASA, JPL, the US Department of Defense, and hundreds of smaller companies appreciate our approach to discussing and solving problems.